Counterculture is a term used to describe a cultural group whose values and norms are at odds with those
of the social mainstream, a cultural equivalent of a political Opposition. In casual practice, the term came to prominence
in the general press as it was used to refer to the youth rebellion that swept North America and Western Europe in the 1960s.
This movement was a reaction against the conservative social norms of the 1950s, the political conservativism
(and perceived social repression) of the Cold War period, and the US government's extensive military intervention in Vietnam.
As the sixties progressed, the Vietnam war became an increasingly high-profile object of criticism, and
the sense of the younger generation as a class who wished to create a different society gained momentum. During the period
in question, new cultural forms that were perceived as opposed to the old emerged, including the pop music of the Beatles,
which rapidly evolved to shape and reflect the youth culture's emphasis on change and experimentation.
The Woodstock Music and Art Festival was the most famous rock festival of its era. It was held at Max Yasgur's
600 acre dairy farm in Bethel, New york, on the 15, 16 and 17 of August, 1969. Although the show had been planned for
a maximum 50,000 attendees, over 400,000 eventually attended, most of who did not pay admission. However, no violence was
reported and the fact that attendees were remarkably well behaved was particularly noted. The Woodstock Festival represented
the culmination of the counterculture of the 1960s and the high point of the "hippie era".