The 1968 Democratic National Convention was held in Chicago by the United
States Democratic Party, for the purposes of choosing the Democratic nominee for the 1968 U.S. Presidential Election.
The decision was particularly difficult for the Democrats that year, due to
the split in the party over the Vietnam War. On one side, Eugene McCarthy put forward a decidedly anti-war campaign, calling
for the immediate withdrawal from the region. On the other side, Hubert H. Humphrey called for a policy to stay in the
war, which focused on making any reduction of force contigent on concessions extracted in the Paris Peace Talks.
Anti-war demonstrators protested throughout the convention, clashing with
police all around the convention center (in the streets and at Grant Park). Mayor Richard J. Daley took a particularly hard
line against the protesters, refusing permits for rallies and marches, and calling for whatever use of force necessary to
subdue the crowds. Some of the more famous protesters, including Abbie Hoffman, Tom Hayden, and Dave Dellinger, were
collectively known as the "Chicago Eight" as they were charged with conspiracy in connection with the violence. On February
18, 1970 they were found guilty of conspiring to incite riots, but the charges were eventually dismissed by an appeals court.
The Walker Report to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence pinned the blame for the violence in
the streets on the police, calling it a "police riot."
The Democrats eventually settled on Hubert H. Humphrey, but would lose the
election to Richard M. Nixon. A significant number of Democrats were so enraged by the War in Vietnam that they failed to
see differences between Humphrey and Nixon.